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#CBR9 Review #66

What Does It Mean to be White? Developing White Racial Literacy by Robin DiAngelo

Lollygagger’s most excellent and comprehensive review of Robin DiAngelo’s What Does it Mean to Be White? Developing White Racial Literacy made me eager to read it for myself. I’m linking to the original review, which I will then build on. Back? Okay, let’s get started.

DiAngelo builds on concepts of racism with which we are all familiar and then talks about how being white constructs a specific racial framework through which white people see race, racism, and other precepts of culture and context. Specifically, she talks about whiteness as a racial construct, and she can do so because she herself is white and has worked in antiracism training for many years. I found this informative, because as an ally, I want to do better for my students and community.

There are two important takeaways that I personally came out with:

*The first is the definitions, in which DiAngelo unpacks bias, prejudice, racism, and oppression. It’s useful to understand why racism is systemic, and why we need to destroy the binary of bad =racist and good=not racist, because it’s never that simple. White people are so afraid of being perceived as racists, that when they do make mistakes, their fragility shows and they can become defensive. “What do you mean? I’m not racist! I have a black friend!” [tears] We need to understand the cycles of oppression that take place and how racism is a system into which we are all born and interact with differently. When we can identify how racism works, and how oppression works, we can better understand how to dismantle it thoroughly.

*The second useful component was the discussion of white silence. Something DiAngelo mentions is that white people are often silent or afraid to “connect” because they’re afraid of saying the wrong thing. I myself have been all-too-guilty of this and blurt out something stupid when I do say something, because I am afraid of saying the wrong thing. DiAngelo points out that if we’re just genuine and ourselves, we’re going to make mistakes, and we’re going to embarrass ourselves sometimes. BUT if we work on those mistakes, we’ll better ourselves in the long run.

This is a book worth reading, especially if you, like me, grew up surrounded by mostly white neighbors and churchgoers and schoolmates, etc. I never thought about race much until I saw the disparity in treatment between my best friend and myself. She comes from an immigrant Dominican family and is an American citizen, but because she is dark-skinned and fluent in Spanish, she is often treated as stupid or illiterate. It was highly uncomfortable to watch and forced me to realize that I needed to educate myself on race. Since I’ve become an educator, it’s a journey upon which I’ve gladly embarked, and I recommend this book to other justice-minded friends and colleagues.

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#CBR9 Review #30

Tears We Cannot Stop: A Sermon to White America by Michael Eric Dyson

A few weeks back, I was engaged in a discussion on Pajiba about a certain American administrator’s relationship to black people and racist assumptions. One of the comments recommended a book: Tears We Cannot Stop: A Sermon to White America by Michael Eric Dyson. I was immediately intrigued. I’m trying to read more diverse work in order to be better informed and a more effective ally. This is a highly recommended book, though I will say this: if you haven’t read Ta-Nehisi Coates’ Between the World and Me, stop reading this review, don’t pass go, and read Coates first. This book is a master class for when you’ve done some work.

Dyson frames his book about personal and systemic racism in the United States as a worship service. Each part of the book is split up into various parts: “Call to Worship”; “Hymns of Praise”; “Invocation”; “Scripture Reading”; “Sermon” (the longest part of the book); “Benediction”; “Offering Plate”; “Prelude to Service”; and “Closing Prayer.” Each of these parts develops Dyson’s argument well and connects his overarching theme to rich traditions and liturgy.

This is a powerfully written, incisive book. Dyson unpacks systemic racism well, and he also helps explain white privilege in a way that’s easy to understand and take ownership of. If you have had questions about white privilege and inequity in the United States, Dyson answers them well with logical arguments and personal experiences. If you read it with an open mind, you can potentially learn a lot. I certainly did.

 

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#CBR8 Review #153

Maus, Volume 1: My Father Bleeds History by Art Spiegelman

I’d heard of the Maus graphic novels several years ago and read the first volume in a gallop. So I decided, after being gifted both volumes from my sister a few birthdays back, that it was time to read both volumes this year. I was not prepared for the sobering similarities between 1930s Nazi-occupied Poland and 2016 America, but that’s what makes art so crucial in general, and stories like Vladek Spiegelman’s in particular.

Maus, Volume 1: My Father Bleeds History begins with comics artist Art Spiegelman trying to figure out his father’s life. His mother had committed suicide several years back, and his father Vladek, unhappily remarried, was just not doing well. During one of their conversations, Art asks his father about life before the war, and the narration flips back and forth on these alternating timelines. We hear about Vladek’s courtship of his wife Anja (Art’s mother), their establishment of a textiles factory in Poland, their first son Richieu, and the growing unease with the occupation of Nazis in Poland. It’s a slow burn of a story with a conclusion that we already know, but it gains even more traction with the details that Spiegelman fills in. The story ends on a startling note, which makes you wonder how Spiegelman will pick up the threads of the first volume and bring us out of the war into the present moment.

I’ve not even talked about the conceit of the comic itself: Spiegelman artistically renders the Jews as mice, the Nazis as predatory cats, the French as frogs, and the Americans as dogs. By masking identities in creaturely disguise, Spiegelman deconstructs the dehumanizing effects of war and torture on all individuals involved, not just victims or their assailants.

 

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#CBR8 Review #125

Behold the Dreamers by Imbolo Mbue

Because I’m a sucker for the new and shiny books, I ended up placing a lot of holds at my library at the same time—and getting them all at once. And with books that are brand new, you get less time to read them. And when Jonathan Safran Foer’s enormous new book must get read in time for a book signing, you panic. So that’s what happened in the month of September. We’ll not discuss the fact that it’s now November, and my reading has precipitously dropped off this semester (December edit: LOL JK, the procrastination only got WORSE). I did really like this debut novel, and while it narrowly misses the cut for absolute favorites of the year, it deserves consideration to be included in the conversation.

Behold the Dreamers is Imbolo Mbue’s debut novel, and it is both ambitious and original in the same breath. It focuses on the American Dream from the immigrant experience, after 9/11. Jende and Neni are Cameroonian immigrants to the US, escaping their years of separation and class stratification that forbade them to marry in Cameroon. They live in New York with their son and try to eke out a living. Jende gets a job chauffeuring for a senior executive at Lehman Brothers, Clark Edwards, and Neni is trying to pass her classes at the community college, work a full-time job, and do odd jobs for Clark’s wife Cindy. As Jende and Neni become entangled in the Edwards’ lives, their own marriage and investment in the Dream becomes fragile. Did I mention that it’s the years 2007-2008? Oh, yeah. You know how this story ends.

This is an incisive look at the 2008 recession, because it’s told from a new perspective, one untainted by white identity politics and class status. Jende’s blind faith that Barack Obama, a black man, will fix the country, mirrors that of my peers when we went to the polls and voted back in 2008. We surely had no idea how bad the recession had gotten or how low we still had to go. That’s Mbue’s strength: she brings you back to a time you knew well and she makes it new and unfamiliar. The one criticism that I have is that towards the end, there is an increased focus on camp or melodrama that cheapened the denouement of the book a little bit. That said, very much worth the read. I highly recommend it if you like reading literary fiction dealing with immigration, marriage, class, work, or discussion of the American Dream. 4.5 stars.

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#CBR8 Review #115

Somewhere, Among by Anne Donwerth-Chikamatsu

Several weeks ago, I was at a retirement celebration for my English education professor (and academic advisor) at my private college. It just so happened that one of my mentor teachers from student teaching was there—she and I fell into a terrific conversation about teaching, life, and books. Always books. An observation K had made (and I agree with, now that I notice it) is that young adult literature is kind of in a lull right now. Dystopian fiction has been the big trend, but many of the books coming out are starting to feel like copycats (case in point: I’m currently listening to Red Queen on audiobook, and it just feels like a Hunger Games knockoff, though I’m willing to hear it out). That said, I do think a trend is emerging in children’s and middle-grade literature: the novel in verse. Or, to be less fancy, fictional books written in poetic form. Somewhere, Among is part of this new canon.

Ema, our young protagonist, finds herself moving to Japan in 2001. Her mom is white American, her dad Japanese, and her Japanese paternal grandparents an enigma. Her grandfather is loving and accepting, her grandmother seemingly stern and stoic. Ema struggles to understand school, and she is taunted by a bully. Her mom is struggling with a pregnancy and feeling completely adrift from her beloved parents, while her dad is working hard to make enough money for the family—even worse, his job takes him away from home. All of this converges on 9/11, and family health scares force Ema into a new way of thinking.

I’ve read some truly fantastic novels-in-verse (favorites include Inside Out and Back Again, as mentioned in my previous review, Kwame Alexander’s Newbery-winning The Crossover, and Jacqueline Woodson’s National Book Award-winning Brown Girl Dreaming). This was not quite up to that caliber, but it was still a solid, heartwarming book. Recommended to kids and kids-at-heart alike.

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#CBR8 Review #103

The New Jim Crow: Mass Incarceration in the Age of Colorblindness by Michelle Alexander

I had a student write about pop culture depictions of African Americans in my spring Composition course for online studies, and she used Michelle Alexander’s The New Jim Crow as one of her sources. I was intrigued. I’ve done a bit of reading in African American studies, history and literary, and this was a good sociological balance to the knowledge base I’ve tried to create.

Alexander specifically examines mass incarceration of black individuals for nonviolent crimes. She further examines the way that nonviolent drug offenders are treated in the United States if they are individuals of color. It’s shocking, really. The things that “good white kids” get probation or no charge for, black offenders often get sent away for years at a time and then denied public aid when they re-emerge into society. This is something that Orange is the New Black has brought up, too. Seriously, if you get three meals and a bed in prison, how can you cope in a real world if you are forced to crash on someone’s couch and find yourself unable to get a job if you have a criminal record? It’s horrible. Alexander documents the political history of the “War on Drugs,” which was more rhetorical fearmongering than anything, and the presidential history of “cracking down” on drugs while not making families’ lives better.

There were instances of weak writing that made me wish Alexander had had a better editor, but it’s a strong and shocking book. I’m glad I read it, although its focus is much more academic. If you’re expecting a light and conversational tone, you will likely be disappointed, though if you like sociological books, you might appreciate it.

 

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#CBR8 Review #98

A Swiftly Tilting Planet by Madeleine L’Engle

When we read The Doomsday Book for Book Club, I was excited about the time travel aspect, though disappointed in the execution and plotting of it. So I was delighted to revisit my favorite in the L’Engle series, A Swiftly Tilting Planet, which features a move through time in order to save the universe from nuclear warfare (and yes, this book is a little dated by that feature, but it doesn’t matter in the end).

The plot has jumped forward about 9 years. Meg is pregnant with her first child, and her husband (I won’t tell, but it’s not really a surprise, squee!) is in London for a conference over Thanksgiving. Her mother-in-law, a taciturn, unloving woman, has finally agreed to join them for dinner. Charles Wallace, now 15, is still fascinated by the universe’s infinite variety, while the twins, Sandy and Dennys, are their usual basic pragmatic selves. When Mrs. MIL (named redacted to prevent minor spoiler) bursts into an old chant by the Star-Gazing rock, Meg and Charles Wallace know there’s a mystery afoot. A unicorn, Gaudior, appears to take Charles Wallace back in time while Meg kythes with him to figure out how her mother-in-law is connected to the dictator Madog Brazillo and how her fate is linked to the threat of nuclear warfare.

The time travel is just done so well, and the universality of the characters through time evokes David Mitchell’s Cloud Atlas, but is more succinct and profound in its connections (for the record, I thought Cloud Atlas was okay not great, but your own mileage may vary). The kything is done to fullest effect here, and my only regret is that Meg takes a more sedentary role than her usual active self. But it’s a rapid page-turner, and the journey through time makes you wonder where the time modification is supposed to take place. Highly recommended, even above A Wrinkle in Time.

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